Royalty and Australian society – Fact sheet 139
The nature of the collection
Whether we like it or not, the British monarchy has profoundly shaped Australian political and cultural life.
In its collections the National Archives holds thousands of records documenting the many ways in which the monarchy has influenced Australian life and society. For example, we hold records that document:
- Queen Victoria's assent to the birth of our nation;
- the scandal associated with the Duke of Gloucester's 1934 visit – 'When seen later the Mayor said it was the most monstrous incident of which he had ever heard';
- the sorrow expressed at the death of a monarch – 'Profoundly regret to state that his Majesty King George V passed away just before midnight. Please inform Prime Minister...';
- the deep shock of the King’s abdication – 'Of his own will, he steps down from the throne of this mighty empire...With the deepest sadness in our hearts, we bid King Edward the Eighth farewell...';
- the excitement associated with the Queen’s arrival in Sydney in 1954 – 'Ice cream, peanut and souvenir vendors did brisk business. One ice cream salesman said he expected to earn £1 pound an hour for the next few days'; and
- the dilemma of what to buy Princess Margaret as a wedding present.
Records documenting all of the above and more are contained among the vast collection of records relating to royalty held by the Archives.
British monarchs of the twentieth century
This century has seen six British monarchs on the throne: Victoria (1837–1901), Edward VII (1901–10), George V (1910–36), Edward VIII (1936), George VI (1936–52) and Elizabeth II (1952 to the present).
Records of royal visits to Australia, 1901–68
The following table lists significant visits to Australia made by members of the royal family, and the principal series containing records about these tours.
|Title or description of record||Date range||Series number|
|Duke and Duchess of York||1901||A6|
|Edward, Prince of Wales||1920||A2|
|Edward, Prince of Wales||1920||A6678|
|Duke and Duchess of York||1927||A6680|
|Duke and Duchess of York||1927||A6976|
|Duke of Gloucester||1934||A6683|
|Queen Elizabeth II and Duke of Edinburgh||1954||A462|
|Queen Elizabeth II and Duke of Edinburgh||1954||A1773|
|Duke of Edinburgh||1956||A463|
|The Queen Mother||1958||A463|
|The Queen Mother||1958||A1766|
|Duke of Edinburgh||1962||A463|
|Duke of Edinburgh||1962||A1771|
|Queen Elizabeth II and Duke of Edinburgh||1963||A463|
|Duchess of Kent||1964||A463|
|Duchess of Kent||1964||A2757|
|Duke of Edinburgh||1965||A463|
|Duke and Duchess of Gloucester||1965||A463|
|Duke and Duchess of Gloucester||1965||A1767|
|The Queen Mother||1966||A463|
|The Queen Mother||1966||A2405|
|The Duke of Edinburgh||1967–68||A463|
Most records relating to royalty held by Archives were created by the Prime Minister's Department, the department responsible for much official liaison with the monarchy, and for the coordination of royal visits to Australia. Many of the records from the major Prime Minister's record series have been added to the Archives' RecordSearch database.
In addition, many other government agencies were responsible for the creation of significant records relating to royalty. For example, the Office of the Governor-General, the Department of External Affairs and the Department of Defence have records documenting official protocol matters and general liaison with the Crown; records of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation relate to the security preparations for various royal visits; while holdings of the Australian News and Information Bureau contain thousands of photographs recording all aspects of royal tours, from the hanging of the bunting to the cleaning up at the end of the day. Details of many of these records are available from the RecordSearch database.