World War II internee, alien and POW records held in Canberra – Fact sheet 59

Introduction

Internees are those prisoners of war or enemy aliens who are obliged to reside within prescibed 'camps', generally unable to leave until the termination of the related conflict or war.

During World War II internment in Australia was subject to the National Security Regulations. There were many camps Australia-wide where not only aliens were interned but also overseas internees and prisoners of war who were transferred to Australia.

The Archives holds many records relating specifically to internment and internees, aliens and prisoners of war. These include individual case files and more general titles which may refer to individuals. It was not uncommon for internees to be moved from one camp to another, even to another state. Thus records that relate to individual internees may be difficult to identify, and may exist in the collections of more than one office of the Archives.

This fact sheet identifies records held in Canberra of World War II internees, aliens and prisoners of war. Records in other offices can be identified from the Archives' publication Finding Families: The Guide to the National Archives of Australia for Genealogists or the RecordSearch database.

Records held in Canberra relating to World War II internees, aliens and prisoners of war

Investigation Branch (CA 747)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files, D series1926–45A369
SeriesCopies of war proclamations1939–40A393
SeriesGeneral correspondence files1939–42A11797

Commonwealth Investigation Service (CA 650)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files1916–53A367
SeriesCorrespondence files of the CIS1916–60A8911
SeriesPrisoner of war files1939–47A7919
SeriesCorrespondence files1941–48A373

Attorney-General's Department (CA 5)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files1939–49A472
SeriesMilitary Courts – Prisoner of War trial files1943–46A11626

Prime Minister's Department (CA 12)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files, secret and confidential series1926–39A1606
SeriesCorrespondence files1939–47A1608

Department of Immigration (CA 51)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files (restricted immigration)1939–50A433
SeriesCorrespondence files (non-British European migrants)1939–50A434
SeriesCorrespondence files (alien registration)1946–50A437

Department of External Affairs [II] (CA 18)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files1927–42A981
SeriesCorrespondence files1942–45A989
SeriesCorrespondence files1945A1066
SeriesCorrespondence files1945–46A1067

Department of Defence [III] (CA 46)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files1935–58A816
SeriesReport on the Directorate of Prisoners of War and Internees of Army Headquarters, Melbourne1939–51A7711
SeriesCorrespondence files1940–57A663

Department of Defence Co-ordination (CA 37)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files1924–40A664

Defence Division, Department of Treasury [I] (CA 68)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files1942–62A649

Department of the Treasury [I] (CA 11)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesClassified correspondence files1941–63A1308

Security Service, Tasmania (CA 748)

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence files, T series1943–45A376

The Rt Hon John Joseph Ambrose Curtin PC

 Title or description of recordDate rangeSeries number
SeriesCorrespondence of John Curtin as prime minister1941–44M1415
SeriesFolders of correspondence on special subjects1941–44M1416

For more information

For further information about the Archives' holdings relating to internee, alien and prisoner of war records consult the following fact sheets:

Copyright National Archives of Australia 2017