John Grey Gorton – Fact sheet 85
Prime Minister of Australia 1968–71
John Gorton was born in Wellington, New Zealand in 1911 and lived most of his childhood in Sydney. He finished his schooling as a boarder at Geelong Grammar before completing an MA at Oxford. Then he returned to work on his father's orchard near Kerang in rural Victoria. He joined the RAAF on the outbreak of World War II, serving in the United Kingdom, Singapore, Darwin and Milne Bay (Papua New Guinea). He was discharged with the rank of Flight Lieutenant in 1944 after being severely wounded during air operations.
John Gorton was elected to the Senate in 1949 as a senator for the state of Victoria. He entered the Menzies ministry in 1958 as Minister for the Navy, a position he held until 1963. He was subsequently Minister for Works (1963–67), Minister for the Interior (1963–64) and Minister for Education and Science (1966–68) in the governments of Menzies and Holt. After Harold Holt disappeared in late 1967, Gorton became leader of the Liberal Party. He was sworn in as Prime Minister in January 1968. On becoming party leader he transferred to the House of Representatives, winning a by-election for Holt's former seat of Higgins.
John Gorton was Prime Minister of Australia from 1968 to 1971, when he was replaced as party leader by William McMahon.
Gorton resigned from the Liberal Party on 23 May 1975, sitting as an independent in the House of Representatives until the end of the parliamentary term. He contested the 1975 elections as an independent senator for the ACT, but failed to win a seat.
John Gorton was appointed a member of the Privy Council and in 1971 a Companion of Honour. He was knighted in 1977, and appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia in 1988.
John Gorton died in May 2002.
Records relating to John Gorton held by the National Archives
The National Archives holds many records relating to John Gorton's years in parliament, including his period as Prime Minister and the many years he spent as a minister. They include his personal records, and many records about John Gorton and the issues he was involved in during his years in government.
In the tables below, reference numbers direct you to the item or series in RecordSearch, the Archives database. There you can find more information. In many cases you can view entire digitised records. The information will appear in a new browser window.
Personal records of John Gorton
|Title or description of record||Date range||Series number|
|Correspondence files maintained by Gorton while Minister for Education and Science||1955–68||AA1969/212|
|Subject files of Mr Gorton as Prime Minister and Minister for Defence||1963–71||M3787|